# Tensorflow: Not Just for Deep Learning, but a Comprehensive Machine Learning Library

When it comes to open-source machine learning libraries, Tensorflow is among the most renowned. However, is tensorflow only for deep learning? The answer is a resounding no. While widely applauded for its deep learning capabilities, Tensorflow’s utility goes far beyond. This article explores Tensorflow as a large-scale machine learning framework, not just a deep learning library.

## What is Tensorflow and How Does it Work?

Tensorflow is an open-source platform developed by the Google Brain team. Its name, “Tensorflow,” reflects the way the framework processes data – it flows tensors (multidimensional data arrays) through a network of mathematical operations, commonly visualised as a graph. This leads us to the concept of tensor and the graph mechanism in Tensorflow.

### Concept of Tensor in Tensorflow

In Tensorflow, the term ‘tensor’ exemplifies how the library handles data. A tensor is a container which can house data in an array of any given shape. Whether it’s a scalar, a one-dimensional array, or a higher-dimensional array, it can find a home in a tensor. Tensor data structure enables easy manipulation of high dimensional data, making Tensorflow an ideal library for machine and deep learning.

### Understanding the Graph Mechanism in Tensorflow

The graph mechanism in Tensorflow introduces a method to visualise the way operations are organised. Each node in the graph represents a mathematical operation, while the edges stand for multidimensional data arrays or tensors. This computational graph method optimises performance and allows parallel processing, making running complex machine learning and deep learning models possible even on large datasets.

### Tensorflow 2.0: A Leap in Machine Learning Libraries

Tensorflow 2.0, the latest version of Tensorflow, brought changes that simplifies the usage of Tensorflow not just for deep learning but also for traditional machine learning. With eager execution for intuitive use and improved compatibility with the Python programming language, Tensorflow 2.0 is more user-friendly, emphasising simplicity and ease of use without sacrificing functionality or performance.

## What are the Primary Uses of Tensorflow beyond Deep Learning?

While deep learning is a significant part of Tensorflow applications, it is crucial to understand that the library extends its influence to several other aspects of machine learning and data science.

### Applying Tensorflow in Classical Machine Learning

Tensorflow also supports traditional algorithms, ranging from decision trees to k-nearest neighbours, expanded under its TensorFlow Extended (TFX) platform. Such a broad range of supported algorithms gives Tensorflow the versatility to handle any machine learning task.

### Utilising Tensorflow for Data Science

Tensorflow is a valuable tool for data science projects. Its ability for massive data handling and efficient performance with complex transformations and manipulations makes it a preferred choice for data scientists worldwide.

### Natural Language Processing Supported by Tensorflow

In the field of Natural Language Processing (NLP), Tensorflow offers text classification, language understanding, and translation capabilities. Tensorflow’s potential for developing and training complex neural network models makes it highly effective for NLP tasks.

## How to Use Tensorflow in Python?

Python is the key programming language for Tensorflow. Using Tensorflow in Python is a straightforward process involving installation, setup, and model creation.

### Setting Up Tensorflow in Python Environment

To use Tensorflow in Python, one needs to install it using pip, Python’s package installer. Once installed, one can import the Tensorflow module in a python script for usage. Tensorflow could run on Google’s Cloud services directly to leverage their Machine Learning hardware like Tensor Processing Unit (TPU) or on local machines with CPU or GPU.

### Creating Your First Tensorflow Program in Python

Creating your first Tensorflow program in Python typically involves defining and refining a model, compiling the model, fitting the model to your data, and then evaluating it. This step-by-step methodology allows beginners to grasp basic Tensorflow concepts before moving onto more complex cases.

### High-Level Python Libraries for Tensorflow: Keras and Tensorflow Lite

Keras and Tensorflow Lite are high-level Python libraries for building and training deep learning models. Keras is a high-level API that can run on top of Tensorflow, simplifying the process of building deep learning models. On the other hand, Tensorflow Lite is designed for running machine learning models on mobile and embedded devices, highlighting Tensorflow’s versatility across platforms.

## Tensorflow vs Pytorch: Which is a more comprehensive Machine Learning Framework?

As two leading machine learning and deep learning frameworks, comparing Tensorflow and Pytorch could highlight their relative strengths and provide insights into which one might be better suited for specific use-cases.

### Comparing the Neural Network Frameworks: Tensorflow and Pytorch

Both Tensorflow and Pytorch provide vast flexibility in neural network architecture creation, although they use different methodologies. Tensorflow’s static graph computational mechanism offers higher efficiency and better resource optimisation. In contrast, Pytorch has opted for a dynamic computation graph offering more versatility and programmer-friendliness.

### Learning Models Support in Tensorflow and Pytorch

Tensorflow provides support for a wider range of learning models compared to Pytorch and is typically preferred for production models owing to its broader platform compatibility. Pytorch, while relatively new, has gained considerable popularity in the research community due to its simplified and intuitive workflow.

### Performance Analysis: Tensorflow vs Pytorch

Performance-wise, Tensorflow generally has the edge because it was designed for production use, especially with its TFX platform. Pytorch, on the other hand, favours a seamless research-to-production transition, beneficial for both researchers and developers.

## What types of problems are Machine Learning and Deep Learning Models in Tensorflow designed to solve?

Tensorflow being an extensive machine learning and deep learning library, has a wide array of potential use-cases.

### Use-cases of Tensorflow in Deep Learning Models

Tensorflow encompasses multiple types of deep learning: neural networks, probabilistic neural networks, decision trees, clustering, sequence-to-sequence models for machine translation, natural language processing, and more. Its functionality extends to computer vision, voice recognition, and other areas where deep neural networks are effective.

### Applying Machine Learning Models in Real-world Problems

Classical machine learning models in Tensorflow are used across various real-world scenarios: email filtering, detection of network intruders, and computer vision. In healthcare, they aid in making medical predictions to enhance diagnosis and treatment.

### Tensorflow and High-level Deep Learning Frameworks

From being an underpinning for high-level frameworks like Keras, to actively being used in large-scale machine learning and AI applications, Tensorflow showcases its defining edge. It continues to broaden the boundaries of what can be achieved in the fields of AI and machine learning.